“The Tampakan Massacre is a crime committed to the whole indigenous community and a big insult to the IPRA that recognizes the rights of indigenous community to protect their ancestral lands,” Baguilat added.
“I condemn these acts of harassments, terrors and attacks to IP leaders and communities, much so when the perpetrators are the military who are supposed to protect the Filipino people. I don’t know if they are even aware of IPRA,” he added.
Other IP leaders raised other issues confronting tribal communities. Ka Remo Bolhayon, an Ifugao from Nueva Vizcaya discussed the long struggle of IP families in Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya against the operation of Oceana Gold Philippines, Inc., and the proposed Diduyom dam project in their mountains.
“Masakit man isipin, na sa kabila ng pagpasa ng IPRA, napakarami pa ring panggigipit ang ginagawa sa aming mga katutubo. Ang aming mariing pagtanggi sa mga proyektong tulad ng pagmimina at pagbuo ng dam sa aming kabundukan ay tila hindi pa rin nadidinig ng mga ahensiya ng pamahalaan, kaya naman sa mahabang panahon ay wala kaming natatanggap na aksyon dito,” Ka Remo said. (Unfortunately, despite the IPRA, IPs continue to be harassed. Government agencies keep ignoring our opposition to projects like mining and dam in our mountains; nothing is being done to address our concerns.)
Ka Badong Dimain, an Aeta from Zambales, lamented that they are threatened by human rights violations such as death threats, discrimination and physical displacement and dislocation. “Marami kasi sa amin ay hindi naabot ng eskwelahan, mga doktor, at iba pang tulong ng gobyerno, kaya madalas, hindi namin alam na may mga karapatan kami, kahit na nga 15 taon na ang pagpapatupad ng IPRA.”
Bae Rose, a woman tribal leader from a Higaonon community in Misamis Oriental recalled the joint resolution of indigenous women asking the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) to air their denouncement of the Tampakan massacre and join them in calling for justice for the victims.
Rep. Baguilat also expressed the willingness of his office along with many other ethno-liguistic groups to pursue reforms in implementing IPRA.
Jaybee Garganera, national coordinator of Alyansa Tigil Mina (ATM) said IPRA is one of the standing principles of the campaign against destructive mining. “Without a valid free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) from the affected IP communities, no activities such as open-pit mining should be implemented in their ancestral domains.”
“Sagitarrius Mines Inc., the proponent of Tampakan mining project, seriously violated this rule in IPRA. SMI has failed to get consent from three B’laan communities — that should have been a clear indication that they should no longer implement the project,” Garganera said.
ATM is an alliance of mining-affected communities and their support groups of NGOs/POs and other civil society organizations opposing the aggressive promotion of large-scale mining in the Philippines. The alliance is currently pushing for a moratorium on mining, revocation of Executive Order 270-A, repeal of the Mining Act of 1995 and passage of the AMMB.